The Siamese fighting fish (Betta Splendens), commonly known as the betta is a freshwater fish native to Southeast Asia. This fish is endemic to the central plains of Thailand and were first domesticated approximately 1,000 years ago. Betta fish are a beautiful and intelligent species of fish that require proper care to thrive. Minimum recommended tank is 5 gallons or more, with a consistent temperature ranging from 76 – 81 degrees Fahrenheit. Water parameters should be kept the same as any other tropical fish, with ammonia ideally being a 0 ppm, nitrates less than 40 ppm, and nitrites at 0 ppm.
Betta do best when fed a varied diet of high-quality dry, frozen, or live foods. And should not be overfed, this will lead to obesity and other health problems. Male Betta are extremely territorial and should not be kept with other males. While females can live together in a sorority of 5 or more. If they are given ample room and a large amount of space for each of them to claim an area of the aquarium.
Some Betta, dependent on personality, may be kept with other fish. But keep in mind added fish means added water volume. With rule of thumb being, 1” of fish per gallon of water. That being said some of the best tank mates include: Mystery snails, Ghost shrimp (as long as they don’t fit in the betta’s mouth), Cory catfish, Harlequin Rasbora, African dwarf frog, Neon tetras, Ember tetras, Clown pleco’s and Kuhli loaches.